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  Patronage of the Polish Society of Audiology and Phoniatrics

vol 8. no 3. September 2009  

 Review articles
Evaluation of breath support in classical singing
Ewelina Sielska-Badurek, Anna Domeracka-Kołodziej

An appropriate breathing is critical to voice production. Good
posture affects the various parts of the breathing mechanism,
it also makes it easier to initiate phonation and to tune the
resonators. There are three main types of breathing: costal
(chest), diaphragmatic (abdominal) and costo-diaphragmatic.
The costo-diaphragmatic breathing in which the diaphragm
descends and the rib cage expands during inspiration offers
the most effective way of breathing. Breath support (appoggio)
enables to prolong and deepen the expiratory phase due
to controlled interaction between two opposing groups of
muscles – inspiratory and expiratory muscles. Supported
voice seriously differs from unsupported one perceptually,
acousticaly and physiologically. Different authors evaluate
supported singing as characterized by lower verical position
of the larynx, higher subglottic pressure, higher peak airflow,
faster glottal closing speed, longer maximum phonation time
(MPT), higher sound pressuure level (SPL) and lower frequency
of the fourth formant (F4).

keywords: oddychanie, podparcie oddechowe, fonacja, śpiew, breathing, breath support, phonation, singing

pages: from 109 to 114

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