|Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska, Piotr Kotyło, Sigfrid S. Soli|
Introduction. Speech intelligibility tests, in particular those
performed in noise, seem to be the most appropriate tools of
assessing the efficiency of the hearing organ for communication.
Although the Hearing in Noise Test (HINT) is very widespread
and accessible in many languages, the Polish version of HINT
has not yet been developed.
Aim. The aim of this study was to develop Polish standardized
sentence lists for HINT.
Methods. The HINT technology that was used in this study
was originally developed in the Department of Human Communication
Sciences and Devices, House Ear Institute (HEI), Los
Angeles, USA. The compilation of the Polish standardized sentence
lists for HINT required the use of hardware and software
design from HEI and repeated testing of Polish volunteers with
normal hearing. Development of the Polish HINT comprised
several well-defined steps: preparing preliminary 800 simple
written sentences; making high quality digital recordings of the
selected sentences in the HEI studio; estimating the relationship
between signal to noise ratio and percent of word intelligibility in
the sentences, along with determining the performance-intensity
function (PI function); equalizing sentence intelligibility; and
preparing phonemically matched final lists of sentences.
Results. The results of this study were the 12 phonemically matched
20-sentences lists with equalized sentences intelligibility
for their further use in the HINT norms development.
Conclusion. Sentence lists prepared in this study are a starting
point for introducing the Polish version of HINT to clinical
practice, in particular as a screening test of functional hearing
efficiency in subjects performing hearing-critical jobs.
keywords: HINT, standaryzacja, audiometria mowy, sprawność czynnościowa słuchu, HINT, standardization, speech audiometry,functional hearing efficiency
pages: from 176 to 182
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