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  Patronage of the Polish Society of Audiology and Phoniatrics

vol 10. no 1. March 2011  

 Original articles
Sense of coherence and styles of coping with stress in people with hearing impairment
Krystyna Kurowska, Katarzyna Wieczór-Klein

Introduction. Antonovsky, the first author to use the concept
of the sense of coherence (SOC) proved the existence of
generalized immunity resources, which enable people to fight
the obstacles encountered during their lifetime. Diagnosis of
a chronic disease, such as hearing impairment, certainly belongs
to the category of those difficult moments in one’s life. A strong
sense of coherence and successful handling of stress allow the
hearing impaired individuals to achieve optimum health.
Aim. The aim of the study was to examine whether there are
any relationships between SOC level and coping styles in people
with hearing impairment.
Material and methods. The study included 107 patients
with hearing loss seeking the advice of an audiologist. The
level of SOC was assessed using SOC-29 questionnaire and
measurement of coping was done using CISS questionnaire.
Results. People with hearing impairment differed in the SOC
levels and coping styles. In the women, emotionally oriented
coping was the dominant style. The poorest SOC results in the
subscale of sense of apprehension were noted in patients above
70 years old. Patients with high SOC level chose task-oriented
coping style more often than emotionally-oriented one.
Conclusions. Higher SOC level helps people with hearing
impairment adapt themselves to the stress related to their
disorder. Our results may influence the education of the patients
with hearing disorders.

keywords: poczucie koherencji (SOC), radzenie sobie ze stresem, niedosłuch,sense of coherence (SOC), styles of coping with stress, hypacusis

pages: from 42 to 48

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