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Allergology Review

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  Authority of Polish Society of Allergology

vol 20. no 3. September 2015  

 Original articles
Pollen and spores of microscopic fungi in atmospheric air Lodz in 2013
Barbara Majkowska-Wojciechowska, Zofia Balwierz, Marek L. Kowalski

Introduction. The exposure to high concentrations of pollen and mould
allergens is disadvantageous and even dangerous to patients with pollen
Aim. The aim of the study was to present the concentrations of selected
allergenic pollen grains and spores (Cladosprium and Atrenaria) of aeroplankton
in the atmosphere in Łódź ’2013.
Methods. Bioaerosol monitoring in Lodz air (51°46 '17,5''N, 19°28'29'',
E0.3) in 2013 was conducted by the Aeroallergen Monitoring Centre
(AMoC) for the eleventh time (since 2003). The studies were conducted
using a volumetric method with the Lanzoni apparatus from February to
September 2013. The weekly variations in pollen and spores/1 m2 were
recorded. The beginning and end of the season were calculated with the
method of 98%, i.e. the beginning of the season was when the cumulative
pollen grain count reached 1% of the yearly count and the end of
the season was on the day when 99% of the grains of the given taxon
were recorded.
Results. In 2013, the total spore count of the two analysed mould taxons
(Alternaria and Cladosporium) was 736.046, whereas Cladosporium
was the prevailing taxon in the aeroplankton in Łódź, and the number of
Alternaria spores constituted only 2% of the total mould spore counts.
The measurements of daily counts of the pollen showed that total pollen
sum was 30.135. The highest pollen count of trees and shrubs in the air
was recorded for alder, followed by birch, trees of the pine family, oak.
Among the herbaceous plants dominated pollen of nettle, grass, sorrel,
mugwort, ribwort. Compared to previous years, there was no increase in
the concentrations of Ambrosia pollen.
Conclusion: In 2013, as in previous seasons there were no trends that
would indicate earlier beginnings of pollen season, longer and more severe

keywords: monitoring pyłkowy, pyłek, alergia pyłkowa, Cladosprium Alternaria aeromykologia, Łódż, Polska,pollen count, pollen allergy, Cladosprium, Atrenaria, aeromycology, Lodz, Poland

pages: from 192 to 198

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