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  Authority of Polish Society of Allergology

vol 20. no 3. September 2015  

 Review articles
Allergy to non-hymenoptera insects
Krzysztof Buczyłko, Emilia Majsiek, Aneta Wagner

The review highlights some of 12 insects orders important in allergology
practice, that were reported in literature in 2005-2014 and published
after Brewczynski’s review – first Polish review about insect allergy. Human
infestation by ectoparasites, such as non-hymenoptera insects, may
result in severe allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis. Clinical features
of hypersensitivity to the venom or saliva of flea, ladybug, grain weevil,
mosquito, black fly, bluebottle fly, horse fly, Diptera, Tabanus bovinus,
bedbugs, Rhynocoris, cockroach, head louse, and to secretion of moth
and butterfly caterpillars or silkworm are discussed. Brief account is presented
of the immunogenic components of the saliva of the specified
insects and the method of determination of those components using
component resolved diagnosis (CRD) data. The sIgE measurement, skin
prick or scratch test are discussed as an aid in etiologic diagnosis. The recent
evidence supports participation of types I, III and IV hypersensitivity
reactions in insect allergy. CRD technology can significantly improve the
diagnosis of non-hymenoptera insect allergy.

keywords: alergia, biedronki, komary, pluskwy, pchły, wszy, karaluchy,ladybugs, mosquito, bed bugs, fleas, head lice, cockroach allergy

pages: from 170 to 177

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